吉林快3软件下载

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洪涝、旱灾后补种秋马铃薯的主要技术要点
编稿时间: 2018-05-08 15:29    来源:吉林快3软件下载_吉林快3投注-官方认证
 

XIANJIANGHONGLAO、HANZAIHOUBUZHONGQIUMALINGSHUDEPINZHONGJIQIGAOCHANYOUZHIGAOXIAOZAIPEIJISHUYAODIANJIANJIERUXIA:

YI、YINDIZHIYIXUANZEYOUZHITUODUZHONGSHU

XUANYONGYOULIANGPINZHONGSHIMALINGSHUGAOCHAN、YOUZHI、GAOXIAOZAIPEIDEJICHU。WOSHENGQIUBOMALINGSHUYINQIUJIGUANGZHAOZU、YUSHUIXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO,SHUKUAIDEGANWUZHIHANLIANGJIAOGAO。DANQIUMALINGSHUDESHIYISHENGZHANGQIJIAODUAN,YIXUANZESHENGYUQIDUANDEZAOSHUPINZHONGWEIYI。MUQIANSHIHEWOSHENGQIUJIZAOSHUZAIPEIDEMALINGSHUPINZHONGZHUYAOYOUFEIWURUITA、ZHONGSHU5HAO、DONGNONG303DENG。MALINGSHUSHENGCHANSHANGYIBANCAIYONGKUAIJINGJINXINGWUXINGFANZHI,ZHUNIANLIUZHONGDESHUKUAICHANGYINBINGDUDEBUDUANJINRANHEJILEIERSHIPINZHONGTUIHUA,ZAOCHENGZHIZHUBIANAI、YEPIANZHOUSUO、SHENGZHANGSHIMINGXIANBIANCHA,KANGXINGXIAJIANG、KUAIJINGBIANXIAO、PINZHIBIANLIE、CHANLIANGDAFUDUJIANGDI。WEILEJIANQINGMALINGSHUBINGDUBINGDEWEIHAI,TIGAOQICHANLIANG、PINZHIHESHENGCHANXIAOYI,ZAIZHONGSHUDEXUANZESHANGYIDINGYAOXUANYONGBUDAIBINGDUHUODAIBINGDULVJIDIDETUODUZHONGSHU。TUODUZHONGSHUDEYINGYONGSHIMUQIANGUONEIWAIJIEJUEMALINGSHUBINGDUBINGWEIHAI、TIGAOCHANLIANGHEPINZHIZUIYOUXIAODEJISHUCUOSHI,QIZENGCHANQIANLIYIBANWEI30%-50%,GAODEKECHENGBEIZENGCHAN。

ER、GAOHAOZHONGSHUCHULI

吉林快3软件下载YINGXUANZEXINXIAN、JIANZHUANG、BAOMANERMEIYOUDALIANGFAYADEKUAIJINGZUOZHONGSHU。ZHONGSHUZAIBOZHONGQIANXUJINXINGYIXIEBIYAODECHULI: ⑴XIAODUYUDAPOXIUMIAN  KEYONGJIAJITUOBUJINHUODUOJUNLING500BEIYEYU5-10HAOKE/QIANKEDECHIMEISUHUNHEYEJINZHONG15-20FENZHONG,LIGANHOUZHIYINLIANG、ZHEGUANGCHUCUIYA,DAIYEYAMENGDONGHOUZAIBOZHONG。JIAJITUOBUJINHEDUOJUNLINGDEZUOYONGSHIDUIZHONGSHUJINXINGXIAODU,SHAMIEQIANFUZAIZHONGSHUBIAOMIANDEBINGJUN;CHIMEISUDEZUOYONGSHIDAPOKUAIJINGXIUMIAN,CUJINSHUYAZHENGQIYIZHIFASHENG,QUEBAOCHUMIAOZHENGQI。⑵XUANYONGXIAODEZHONGSHU(YUE30-50KE)ZHENGSHUBOZHONG XIAOZHENGSHUJUYOUDINGYAYOUSHI,YOULIYUDUOQUGAOCHAN;QIEQIUMALINGSHUBOZHONGSHIJISHENGZHANGQIANQIWENDUGAO,QIEKUAIYIGANBINGFULAN,YIXUANYONGXIAOZHENGSHUBOZHONG。YIBANMEIMUDATIANYINGBEIZUZHONGSHU150-200GONGJIN。

SAN、HELILUNZUO

ZHONGZHIMALINGSHUDETURANGYIXUANZETUCENGSHENHOU、TUZHISHUSONGFEIWO、TONGTOUXINGHAO、PAIGUANFANGBIANDEWEISUANXINGRANGTUHUOQINGSHATUWEIYI。MALINGSHUJILIANZUO,ZHONGGUOMALINGSHUDEDIKUAIZUIHAO2-3NIANNEIBULIANZUOMALINGSHU,YIYINGBIMIANYUQITAQIEKEZUOWU(RULAJIAO、QIEZI、XIHONGSHI、YANCAODENG)JIQITAKUAIGEN、KUAIJINGZUOWULIANZUO;QIANZUOYIDOUKEHEHEBENKEZUOWUWEIYI,DAOTIANZHONGZHIMALINGSHUSHIXINGSHUIHANLUNZUO,NENGJIANSHAOBINGCHONGHAIDEFASHENG,YOUXIAOGAILIANGTURANG、PEIFEIDILI,JUYOUMINGXIANDEZENGCHANXIAOGUO。

SI、SHENGENGXIZHENG

SHENGENGXIZHENGSHIBAOZHENGMALINGSHUGAOCHANDEJICHU。SHENGENGKESHITURANGSHUSONG、TOUQIXINGHAO,TIGAOTURANGDEXUSHUI、BAOFEIHEKANGHANNENGLI,GAISHANTURANGDEWULIXINGZHUANG,WEIMALINGSHUDEGENXICHONGFENFAYUHESHUKUAIPENGDACHUANGZAOLIANGHAODETIAOJIAN。BOQIANYINGSHENGENG20-30cm,ANXIANGKUAN100-110㎝FENXIANGQILONG,LONGMIANKUAN70-80㎝ZUOYOU,XIANGGOUKUAN30㎝,GOUSHEN15-20㎝,WEIGOU(DAOTIAN)SHEN30cm,KAIGOUSHIQUCHULAIDENITUYAOJUNYUNDIPAOSAZAIXIANGZHONGJIAN,LONGMIANZHENGCHENGGUIBEIXING。

WU、SHIZUJIFEI

JUCEDING,MEISHENGCHAN1DUNMALINGSHUYUECONGTURANGSHEQUN25-6GONGJIN、P2O52-3GONGJIN、K2O11-13GONGJIN;ANMEIMUSHENGCHAN1.5DUNMALINGSHUGAISUAN,YINGSHICHUNN27.5-9GONGJIN、P2O53-4.5GONGJIN、K2O16.5-19.5GONGJIN。JIANYIMEIMUSHINONGJIAFEI1200-1500GONGJINHUOFAJIAOBINGFEI60GONGJIN、FUHEFEI40GONGJIN、GAIMEILIN(JIA)FEI40GONGJIN,JIEHEZHENGDI,JIZHONGGOUSHI,YICHONGFENFAHUIFEIXIAO。

LIU、SHIQIBOZHONG

吉林快3软件下载SHIQIBOZHONGSHIMALINGSHUGAOCHANGAOXIAODEZHONGYAOBAOZHENG。WOSHENGPINGYUAN、QIULINGDIQUQIUMALINGSHUYIZAI8YUEXIAXUN-9YUECHUBOZHONG,11YUEDIZHI12YUEFENSHOUHUO。

QI、HELIMIZHI

吉林快3软件下载MALINGSHUZHONGZHIDESHIYIMIDU,ZAOSHUPINZHONGYI4500-5000ZHU/MUWEIYI;BOZHONGFANGSHIYITIAOBOFAWEIYI。MEILONGZHONGLIANGXING,XINGJU35-40㎝ZUOYOU、ZHUJU20-26㎝WEIYI。XIANLASHENGKAIBOZHONGGOU,BOZHONGGOUSHEN10-12㎝,GOUDIJUNYUNSASHIJIFEI、BANRUTUZHONGHUOZAIFEISHANGFUTU2-3㎝,RUYUGANHANKEZAIJIAOYICIXIFENSHUI;RANHOUJIANGZHONGSHUANBOZHONGGUIGEJUNYUNBAIFANGZAIBOZHONGGOUNEIPIANLIFEILIAOCHUHUOGOUBIAN,ZAIZAISHANGMIANFUTU7-8㎝HOUGAIZHONG。

WEIFANGZHILONGMIANZISHENGZACAO,BOZHONGHOUYINGJISHICAIYONGJINDOUER、HENAISIDENGYAQIANCHUCAOJIFANGZHIZACAOFASHENG,JIANYIMEIMUYONGCHUCAOJI100HAOSHENG、DUISHUI50GONGJIN,JUNYUNPENYULONGMIANTUCENGSHANG,KEYIZHITUCENGBIAOMIANZACAOZHONGZIDEMENGYASHENGZHANG,YOUXIAODIFANGCHUZACAO。

BA、JIAQIANGTIANJIANPEIGUAN

YOUMIAOCHUTUHOUZHANGZHI4-6PIANYESHI,YINGGENJUMIAODEZHANGSHIHEYESEZHUISHIYICIXIFENSHUIHUOMEIMUZHUISHI4-5GONGJINNIAOSUZUOTIMIAOFEI;BINGJIEHEZHONGGENGCHUCAO、PEITU2-3CI(MEICIJIANGE10TIANZUOYOU,ZHONGGENGYINGZUODAOQIANQISHEN、HOUQIQIAN),ZAIZHIZHUFENGLONGQIANPEIWAN。DIYICIPEITUYAOZAO,YILIYUCUJINZAOJIESHU;DANGMIAOGAO15-20㎝SHIYINGJINXINGDI1CIZHONGGENGPEITU,BINGCHUDIAOXINGJIANZACAO;ZAIXIANLEIQIJINXINGDI2CIZHONGGENGCHUCAO、PEITU;ZAIZHIZHUKAIHUAQIFENGLONGQIANJINXINGDI3CIZHONGGENGCHUCAO、PEITU。ZUIHOUYICIPEITUYAOJINLIANGGAOYIXIE,YILIYUSHUKUAISHENGZHANGFAYUYUPENGDA,BINGFANGZHIKUAIJINGWAILUBIANLV、YINGXIANGSHIYONGPINZHIHESHANGPINXING。

ZHIZHUSHENGZHANGDIAOKONG RUGUOTURANGZHONGDANFEIGUODUO、YULIANXUYINYUTIANQI、GUANGZHAOBUZUSHI,ZHIZHURONGYITUZHANG,YINGYANGWUZHIDALIANGXIANGJINGYEZHONGSHUSONG,CHUXIANZHIZHANGMIAO、BUJIESHUHUOJIESHUYANCHIDEXIANXIANG,YINGXIANGMALINGSHUZAOSHUGAOCHAN;YINGSHIYONGYIXIESHENGZHANGDIAOJIEWUZHILAIDIAOKONGMALINGSHUZHIZHUDISHANGBUYUDIXIABUDESHENGZHANG,DIAOZHENGGUANGHECHANWUDEFENPEI,YOUXIAOYIZHIZHIZHUDISHANGBUDESHENGZHANG,CUJINZHIZHUDIXIABU---KUAIJINGDEPENGDA。CHANGYONGDESHENGZHANGDIAOJIEWUZHIYOUAIZHUANGSU、DUOXIAOZUO、XIXIAOZUODENG。SHIYONGFANGFASHIYEMIANPENWU,SHIYONGNONGDUFENBIEWEI: 0.1%DEAIZHUANGSU、100-150HAOKE/QIANKEDEDUOXIAOZUO、100HAOKEZUOYOU/QIANKEDEXIXIAOZUO;YEKEPENSHI0.3%-0.4%DELINSUANERQINGJIAYIZHIZHIZHUTUZHANG、FANGZHIZAOSHUAI、YANZHANGYEPIANGONGNENGQI、CUJINJIESHU。

JIU、JIAQIANGBINGCHONGHAIFANGZHI

CHONGHAIFANGZHI WEIHAIMALINGSHUZHIZHUZUIYANZHONGDECHONGHAISHIYACHONGHEQICAO、DILAOHUDENGDIXIAHAICHONG。DUIYUYACHONGDEFANGZHIYIDINGYAOJIZAOFAXIAN,JISHIPENYAOFANGZHI;FOUZE,YACHONGBUJINWEIHAIZHIZHU,HAIHUICHUANBODUOZHONGBINGDU,YISHIZHIZHUGANRANBINGDUBING。FANGZHIYACHONGKEXUANYONGDAGONGCHEN、BICHONGLIN、YITAIBAODENGYAOJI,RUMEIMUYONG1BAO(8KE)DAGONGCHENFENJIDUIYUE14GONGJINSHUI(JI1PENWUQISHUI)、JUNYUNPENSHIYUYEPIANBEIMIAN,YOULIANGHAODEFANGZHIXIAOGUO。FANGZHIQICAO、DILAOHUDENGDIXIAHAICHONG,MEIMUKEYONG90%JINGTIDIBAICHONG150KEHUO50%XINLIULINRUYOU100KE、DUISHAOLIANGSHUIXISHIHOUBANXITU20GONGJINHUNYUNBANCHENGDUTU,ZAIBOZHONGSHIJUNYUNSHIRUBOZHONGGOUNEI;YIKEMEIMUYONGYISHAJINGFENJI1GONGJINBANXITUSARUTURANGJINXINGFANGZHI。

吉林快3软件下载BINGHAIFANGZHI WEIHAIMALINGSHUDEZHUYAOBINGHAIYOUZAOYIBING、WANYIBING、QINGKUBING、HUANFUBINGDENG。ZAOYIBINGHEWANYIBINGSHUZHENJUNXINGBINGHAI,ZAOYIBINGKEYONG70%DAISENMENGXINHUO75%BAIJUNQINGHUO64%SHADUFANKESHIXINGFENJI500BEIYEJINXINGFANGZHI,YIBAN7~10TIANPEN1CI,LIANXUPEN2~3CI;WANYIBINGKEYONGRUIDUMEIHUOJIASHUANGLINGMENGXINFANGZHI,YIBANZAIXIANLEIHOUYONG25%RUIDUMEI500-800BEIYEYUFANGYICIWANYIBING,JINRUKAIHUAQIHOUZAIYONGJIASHUANGLINGMENGXIN800-1000BEIYEPENSHIFANGZHIWANYIBING2-3CI,JIANGE7-10TIANPENYICI。RUSHENGZHANGHOUQITIANJIANWANYIBINGFASHENGYANZHONG,ZAOCHENGBUFENJINGYEKAISHIKUSI,KEJIANGZHIZHUDISHANGBUFENTIQIANGEQING(GECHUDISHANGBUFENHOU,KEGUOJITIANDAIKUAIJINGBIAOPIXINGCHENGMUSHUANCENGHOUZAISHOUHUO),YIFANGZHIWANYIBINGJUNXIANGKUAIJINGCHUANBO。QINGKUBINGSHIYIZHONGXIJUNXINGBINGHAI,YANZHONGSHIKEYINQIZHIZHUZHENGZHUKUWEIERSI;MUQIANHAIWEIFAXIANFANGZHIQINGKUBINGDEYOUXIAOYAOJI,ZHUYAOYINONGYEFANGZHIWEIZHU,RUYANGETIAOXUANZHONGSHU、SHIXINGLUNZUO、SHENGOUGAOLONGZAIPEIDENG。HUANFUBINGYESHIYIZHONGXIJUNXINGBINGHAI,GANBINGZHIZHUDISHANGBUCHANGCHANGWEINIANERSI,YIYUQINGKUBINGHUNXIAO,QIJINGHEKUAIJINGHENGQIEMIANCHUXIANZONGSEWEIGUANSHU,YIDANJIYAHUIYOUXIJUNXINGNONGYESHENCHU;FANGZHIFANGFASHIYANGESHIYONGWUBINGZHONGSHU,ZUIHAONENGYONGZHENGSHUBOZHONG。

SHI、SHISHISHOUHUO

MALINGSHUZAISHENGLICHENGSHUQISHOUHUOCHANLIANGZUIGAO。SHENGLICHENGSHUDEBIAOZHISHI: ⑴ YESEYOULVZHUJIANBIANHUANGZHUANKU,ZHEISHIJINGYEZHONGYANGFENJIBENTINGZHIXIANGKUAIJINGSHUSONG;⑵ KUAIJINGQIBUYUZHESHENGDEPUFUJINGRONGYITUOLI,BUXUYONGLILAJIYUPUFUJINGFENKAI;⑶ KUAIJINGBIAOPIRENXINGJIAODA、PICENGJIAOHOU、SEZEZHENGCHANG。YIBANZAOSHUXIANSHIPINZHONGRUFEIWURUITA、ZHONGSHU5HAO、DONGNONG303DENGCHUMIAOHOU60TIANZUOYOUJIKESHOUHUOSHANGSHI。SHOUHUOYIXUANZEZAIQINGHAOTIANQIJINXING,YIFANGMIANBIANYUWAQU,SHUKUAIBUYIZHANNI;LINGYIFANGMIANSHUKUAIDEHANSHUILIANGDI,BIANYUZHUYUN。SHOUHUOHOUDESHUKUAIYINGSHIDUFANGZAITAIYANGXIALIANGGANBIAOMIANSHUIFEN,JISHIQUDIAOBIAOPISHANGDENITU,TICHULANSHU、BINGCHONGWEIHAISHU、JIXIESUNSHANGSHU、LVPISHUHEJIXINGSHUDENGBUFUHESHANGSHIYAOQIUDESHUKUAI、ZAZHIHOU,FENJIBAOZHUANG、ANMEIDAIZHUANG30-32GONGJINZUOYOUDEBIAOZHUNYONGNILONGWANGDAIZHUANGHAOJISHISHANGSHI。

FU: SHIYIWOSHENGQIUJIZHONGZHIDESANGEMALINGSHUYOULIANGPINZHONGJIANJIE:

吉林快3软件下载FEIWURUITASHIWOGUONONGYEBUZHONGZIJUCONGHELANYINRUDEMALINGSHUZAOSHUPINZHONG,YOUMINGHELANSHU。GAIPINZHONGCONGCHUMIAODAOCHENGSHU60TIANZUOYOU。ZHUGAO60cmZUOYOU,ZHUXINGZHILI,FENZHISHAO,HUAGUANLANSE,JINGZISE,YELVSE。KUAIJINGZHANGTUOYUANXING,DINGBUYUANXING,PIDANHUANGSE、ROUXIANHUANGSE,BIAOPIGUANGHUA,YAYANSHAOERQIAN;JIESHUJIZHONG,KUAIJINGDAERZHENGQI,DANZHUJIESHUSHU5GEZUOYOU,DANSHUPINGJUNZHONG100KEZUOYOU。ZHENGSHIPINZHIYOU,XIANSHUGANWUZHIHANLIANG17.7%-20%,DIANFENHANLIANG12.4%-14%,WEISHENGSUCHANLIANG25HAOKEZUOYOU/100KEXIANSHU,CUDANBAIZHIHANLIANG2%ZUOYOU,HAIYUANTANGHANLIANG0.25%ZUOYOU,SHIHEXIANSHUCAIYONGHEXIANSHUCHUKOU。GAIPINZHONGXISHUINAIFEI,NAIHAN,NAIZHUZANG;CHUNJIZHONGZHIYIGANWANYIBING,GANHUANFUBING、HEIJINGBINGHEQINGKUBING,KANGYBINGDUHEJUANYEBINGDU,ZHIZHUDUIABINGDUHEAIZHONGBINGMIANYI;QIUJIZHONGZHIBINGHAIXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO、JIAOQING,ZHONGZHIMIDUYIMEIMU4500-5000ZHUZUOYOUWEIYI。CHUNJIZHONGZHIYIBANMUCHAN1500-1700QIANKE,GAOFEISHUITIAOJIANXIACHANLIANGKEDA2500-3000QIANKE;QIUJIZHONGZHIYIBANMUCHAN1200QIANKEZUOYOU。YOUYUQIJIESHUCENGJIAOQIAN,KUAIJINGDUIGUANGMINGAN,YIBIANLVERYINGXIANGSHANGPINXING,ZHONGZHISHIYISHIDANGSHENZAIHUOBOZHONGSHIJIANGYAYANCHAOXIABAIFANG,BINGZHUYIJIZAOJINXINGZHONGGENG、GAOPEITU,YIMIANKUAIJINGWAILUBIANLVYINGXIANGPINZHI。

吉林快3软件下载ZHONGSHU5HAOSHIZHONGGUONONGKEYUANSHUCAIHUAHUIYANJIUSUOYUCHENGDEYIGEMALINGSHUZAOSHUPINZHONG,2004NIANTONGGUOQUANGUONONGZUOWUPINZHONGSHENDINGWEIYUANHUISHENDING。GAIPINZHONGCHUMIAOHOU60TIANKESHOUHUO。KUAIJINGYUANXING、ZHANGYUANXING,DANHUANGPIDANHUANGROU,BIAOPIGUANGHUA,YAYANJIQIAN;JIESHUJIZHONG,SHUKUAIDAERZHENGQI。CHAOSHIKOUGANHEFENGWEIHAO,ZHAPIANSEZEQIAN,XIANSHUGANWUZHIHANLIANG19%ZUOYOU、DIANFENHANLIANG13%ZUOYOU,SHIHEXIANSHUCAIYONG。GAIPINZHONGZAOSHUFENGCHAN,SHENGZHANGSHIJIAOQIANG,DANFENZHISHAO,YIMIZHIZENGSHOU;ZHIZHUTIANJIANJIAOKANGWANYIBING、JUANYEBINGDUBINGHEPVYBINGDUBING,BUKANGCHUANGJIABING,NAIJIBO。MEIMUZHONGZHI5000ZHUZUOYOUWEIYI,CHUNJIZHONGZHIYIBANMUCHAN1500-2000QIANKEZUOYOU,QIUJIZHONGZHIYIBANMUCHAN1200QIANKEZUOYOU。

吉林快3软件下载DONGNONG303XIDONGBEINONGJILINKUAI3RUANJIANXIAZAIYUCHENGDEYIGEMALINGSHUZAOSHUPINZHONG,1986NIANTONGGUOQUANGUONONGZUOWUPINZHONGSHENDINGWEIYUANHUISHENDING。GAIPINZHONGKUAIJINGXINGCHENGZAO,CHUMIAOZHICHENGSHU55-60TIAN。ZHUGAO45LIMIZUOYOU,FENZHISHUZHONGDENG,JINGLVSE,SHENGZHANGSHIJIAOQIANG。KUAIJINGZHANGYUANXING,HUANGPIHUANGROU,BIAOPIGUANGHUA,YAYANDUOERQIAN;JIESHUJIZHONG,KUAIJINGZHONGDENGDAXIAO、JIAOZHENGQI,DANZHUJIESHU6-7GE,DANZHUCHANSHU400KEZUOYOU。ZHENGSHIPINZHIYOU,XIANSHUGANWUZHIHANLIANG20.5%,DIANFENHANLIANG13.1%-14%,CUDANBAIZHIHANLIANG2.52%,WEISHENGSUCHANLIANG15.2HAOKE/100KEXIANSHU,SHIHEXIANSHUCAIYONG。GAIPINZHONGSHIYINGXINGJIAOQIANG,GAOKANGHUAYEBINGDUBING,QINGGANJUANYEBINGDUBING,KANGHUANFUBING,ZHIZHUZHONGGANWANYIBING,KUAIJINGJIAOKANGWANYIBING,NAISHUDINGBING,NAILAOXINGJIAOQIANG,CHUHANDIWAI,YESHIYISHUITIANZHONGZHI。MEIMUZHONGZHI4500-5000ZHUWEIYI,YIBANDONGBOMUCHAN1500-2000QIANKE,QIUBOMUCHAN1000-1250QIANKE。KUAIJINGXIUMIANQI70TIANZUOYOU,NAIZHUZANG。YINJIESHUBUWEIJIAOGAO,CHUMIAOZHIFENGLONGQIANYINGJIEHECHUCAOPEITU2-3CI,FANGZHISHUKUAILUOLU。

 
 
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